Volume 12 Supplement 1
Cavum septum pellucidum: a novel endoscopic approach to the posterior third ventricle
© Asif et al. 2015
Published: 18 September 2015
To describe a novel endoscopic approach to the posterior third ventricle through a cavum septum pellucidum.
Design and subjects
Retrospective case review of a 7-year old boy with a tectal plate mass.
The clinical and operative notes, operative videos, and imaging were reviewed. A literature search was also performed.
The patient was referred for neurosurgical opinion due to a 2-week history of gait instability on a background of progressive ataxia and urinary incontinence. MRI showed triventricular hydrocephalus due to a tectal plate mass with thalamic extension.
On examination, his GCS was 15/15 and he demonstrated truncal ataxia, gait instability, and upper limb dysmetria. He was admitted for an endoscopic third ventriculostomy with biopsy.
Operative approach: The patient was anaesthetised and placed supine. Incision and burr hole were over the left coronal suture. A third ventriculostomy was performed for hydrocephalus.
The tumour was then approached through the cavum septum pellucidum. Septal fenestrations allowed easy access to the cavum. Internal cerebral veins were identified and the velum interpositum opened with sharp scissors. The opening was dilated and an endoscope advanced into the posterior third ventricle. The tumour was identified and biopsies obtained.
He had a satisfactory recovery and was discharged 6 days later. Histology showed a low-grade glioma, which remained stable on follow-up MRI.
When present, the cavum septum pellucidum provides a viable alternative route to the posterior third ventricle.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.