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Volume 12 Supplement 1

Abstracts from Hydrocephalus 2015

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Cerebral microbleeds in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus


Cerebral microbleeds (CMB) have been associated with dementia and small vessel disease, which also are features in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH). This study aims to analyze if CMB are associated with INPH.


Case-control study. We included 14 patients with INPH (mean age 76 years, 60% female) and 41 healthy controls (HeCo; mean age 71 years, 60% female). All were investigated with magnetic resonance imaging using a T2*-sequence. After investigation, INPH patients underwent shunt surgery. We compared the presence of ≥2 CMB between the cases and controls.


≥2 CMB were detected more frequently in the INPH group compared to HeCo (n=6, 43% versus n=4, 10%; p=0.01). Among the participants with CMB, the number of CMB was higher among the INPH patients than the HeCo (median 8; IQR 2-34 versus median 1; IQR 1-2; p=0.005). Two cases died within 30 days post-operatively; these had the highest number of microbleeds in the cohort (34 and 174 CMB).


The prevalence of CMB seems to be increased in patients with INPH. The results may support a vascular component as a part of the INPH pathophysiology. The possible association between CMB and poor outcome warrants further study.

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Correspondence to Elias Johansson.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Johansson, E., Ambaraki, K., Birgander, R. et al. Cerebral microbleeds in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Fluids Barriers CNS 12 (Suppl 1), O5 (2015).

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