Volume 12 Supplement 1
Diagnostic Assessment of Adult Hydrocephalus Log compared to standard normal pressure hydrocephalus diagnostic tools
© Jusue-Torres et al. 2015
Published: 18 September 2015
Early treatment in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) yields better post-operative outcomes. Our current tests often fail to detect significant changes at early stages. We developed a new scoring system (LP log score) and sought a “proof of concept” that this tool is more sensitive in detecting clinical differences than the current ones.
We prospectively studied 62 consecutive new patients with suspected idiopathic NPH. Secondary, previously treated and obstructive cases were not included. We collected age, pre and post Lumbar Puncture (LP) Tinetti, Timed Up and Go (TUG), European NPH scale and LP log scores. LP log score is recorded at baseline and for 7 consecutive days after removing 40 cc of CSF via LP. We studied the diagnostic accuracy of the tests for surgical indication.
Median age at presentation was 76 (71-80) years old. TUG (p<0.0001) and Tinetti (p<0.0001) showed significant differences between presentation and post-LP scores. PostLP Log showed improvement in 90% of people with good baseline TUG, Tinetti and MCV tests and in 93% of people who did not show any pre-post LP change in TUG, Tinetti and MCV grade. Sensitivity, Specificity, and Accuracy to detect intention to treat when positive postLP improvements were respectively 4%, 100% and 24% for TUG, 21%, 86%, 34% for Tinetti, 66%, 29% and 58% for MCV grade and 98%, 33% and 85% for LP log. PreLP-postLP TUG improvement and preLP-postLP Tinetti improvement were not associated with surgical indication (p>0.05). LP log improvement was associated with surgical indication OR: 24.5 95%CI (2.4-248.12) (p=0.007).
LP log showed a higher sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy detecting clinical differences in NPH than the current diagnostic approach. Our next step is to conduct a cross-validation analysis of the diagnostic and prognostic accuracy of this new tool.
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