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Hydrocephalus and myelomeningocele; series and results


Following different reported series, myelomeningocele presents in 1–2 per 2000 live newborns. Hydrocephalus occurs in approximately 80–90 % of all them.

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Authors present their personal experience in patients diagnosed of having myelomeningocele, seen in their Pediatric Neurosurgery Department since 1991 to 2004.


During this period of time, a total of 396 patients were diagnosed of having myelomeningocele, and 352 of them have developed associated hydrocephalus. All these 396 patients were treated with CSF diversion.


Algorithm mostly used for diagnosis and follow-up in these patients, the different optional CSF diversion methods, the malfunction problems due to obstruction or infection, the better therapeutic approach to shunt malfunction, as well as the protocols used for following-up these children during the neonatal, infant and pubertal ages, will be presented in this paper. A comparative study between the reported series and our own experience is also made.

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Correspondence to JM Poch.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Poch, J., Nogues, P., Vazquez, E. et al. Hydrocephalus and myelomeningocele; series and results. Fluids Barriers CNS 2 (Suppl 1), S50 (2005).

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