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Table 1 Known SARS-CoV-2 variants

From: SARS-CoV-2: is there neuroinvasion?

Colloquially name Scientific name:
Pangolin
Nextstrain
Defined by Important mutations Countries reported (first detected) Increased transmissibility Increased COVID-19 mortality or severity Effect on vaccines
UK variant B.1.1.7
20I/501Y.V1
VUI-202012/01
17 SNPs -N501Y
-69/70 deletion
-P681H
-D619G
75 (34)
(United Kingdom)
Yes (~ 50–70%) [34, 35, 263,264,265,266] Possibly [267, 268] Oxford/AstraZeneca still effective [269]
South African variant B.1.351
20H/501Y.V2
9 SNPs -N501Y
-K417N
-E484K
-D619G
32 (34)
(South Africa)
Yes (~ 50%)
[34, 35, 270]
Possibly [270] Moderna may be less effective [271, 272]
Brazil variant P.1
B.1.1.28
20 J/501Y.V3
19 SNPs -N501Y
-K417T
-E484K
-D619G
12 (34)
(Brazil)
Yes [35] N/A N/A
New York B.1.525–B.1.526
20C
13 SNPs -D614G
-E484K
-Q677H
-F888L
30
(Multiple)
yes N/A Reduction in neutralization by monoclonal antibodies
California B.1.427–B.1.429
20C/S:452R
10 SNPS -L452R
-D624G
-N501Y
N/A Yes (~ 20%) N/A Reduction in neutralization by monoclonal antibodies
  1. Bold scientific name is pangolin, non-bold is Nextstrain