Skip to main content

Table 2 Sinus size and blood flow by hydrocephalus type

From: The incidence of significant venous sinus stenosis and cerebral hyperemia in childhood hydrocephalus: prognostic value with regards to differentiating active from compensated disease

CaseAge yearsClinicalSAS/VSI mmTCBF ml/minSSS Hd mmTS Ed mmSS Ed mmDSS Ed mmMax stenosis %Stenosis site
External hydrocephalus
10. 41Seizures SDH active VPS105864.004.864.984.3160TS
20.46Macrocephaly floppy active114714.287.527.064.64
30.59Macrocephaly compensated105776.416.473.133.0779DSS
40.72Macrocephaly compensated107075.707.766.362.4986DSS
50.90Premature compensated154175.063.694.554.0677TS
60.95Premature IVH compensated127855.376.966.604.1761DSS
70.96Macrocephaly vomiting active146955.896.516.396.12
81.14Aural atresia compensated117175.918.266.603.6777DSS
91.46Macrocephaly compensated1013297.536.738.206.79
Mean0.84  6985.576.535.984.37  
SD0.34  2661.071.441.511.36  
Obstructed hydrocephalus
100.34Optic nerve hypoplasia compensated0.413823.375.275.173.3375DSS
110.36Macrocephaly active TECSF VPS0.713623.936.273.893.0180DSS
120.52Macrocephaly active ETV0.505414.727.066.062.2089DSS
134.43Premature compensated0.466926.899.898.979.51
146.00Congenital compensated0.491598a7.738.946.708.15
157.84Headaches blurred vision TECSF active ETV0.537063.605.574.463.6679DSS
167.50Papilledema TECSF active ETV0.388924.794.908.330.0095JB
179.98Noonan syndrome compensated0.7612415.674.625.506.0067TS
1812.77Dyspraxia TECSF active ETV0.5613755.346.004.324.3273SS
1914.74Papilledema TECSF active ETV0.408324.933.596.168.6980TS
Mean6.45  8625.106.215.964.89  
SD5.14  4201.391.951.683.10  
Communicating hydrocephalus
200.33Achondroplasia compensated0.463375.118.205.380.0095JB
210.47Increasing HC active0.487453.769.292.947.3976SS
220.51Meningitis compensated0.408184.707.766.154.1761DSS
230.52Premature TECSF active VPS0.756935.745.942.911.7893DSS
240.64Papilledema active0.326454.8710.315.002.7383DSS
250.64Macrocephaly compensated0.476886.376.985.614.97
260.66Craniofacial cutaneous compensated0.355184.897.855.695.89
270.66Meningitis compensated0.397067.516.604.133.5971DSS
280.77Increasing HC active0.476275.167.262.671.4995DSS
290.82Increasing HC TECSF active0.331210b4.737.834.593.8068DSS
300.89Premature active VPS0.469024.816.984.153.3275DSS
310.91Increasing ventricles TECSF active VPS0.447484.926.043.552.6285DSS
321.07Macrocephaly compensated0.397876.078.275.254.5364DSS
331.12Macrocephaly compensated0.4310546.458.463.603.8980SS
341.20Macrocephaly active VPS0.4611416.398.323.352.0892DSS
351.32Achondroplasia increasing HC active0.4111036.746.894.670.0095JB
361.36Macrocephaly increasing HC active ETV0.508535.986.567.627.35
371.36Macrocephaly compensated0.399806.768.984.646.7367SS
381.48Premature increasing HC IVH active0.4014675.465.415.244.3567DSS
391.63Macrocephaly compensated0.4211807.499.427.944.9158DSS
401.84Congenital compensated0.428166.337.646.686.31
411.89Macrocephaly compensated0.4213084.969.635.152.1792DSS
422.35Macrocephaly compensated0.401754a6.7710.899.866.85
432.40Premature compensated0.391632a5.868.628.125.89
442.84Macrocephaly compensated0.4212798.499.038.769.36
455.36Behavioral issues compensated0.381474a7.957.529.256.54
465.44Talipes compensated0.466927.716.777.037.22
476.60Meningitis compensated0.367552.615.288.297.4885SSS
488.52Premature IVH compensated0.4210015.3712.7711.427.87
499.69Achondroplasia increasing HC active0.457865.057.999.150.0095JB
5011.10Dysmorphic compensated0.5410445.376.619.456.52
5111.10Seizures compensated0.571435a4.978.2810.698.60
5211.15Achondroplasia compensated0.421727a7.134.788.136.8965TS
5312.42Achondroplasia vomiting active0.5610302.865.166.670.0095JB
5414.07Crouzon’s compensated0.438215.087.2710.425.7250DSS
5514.45Macrocephaly compensated0.4811266.458.029.869.28
Mean3.88 0.449975.757.776.504.78  
SD4.49 0.083441.311.662.502.71  
  1. Italic values indicate significant stenosis
  2. DSS distal sigmoid sinus, Ed effective diameter, ETV endoscopic third ventriculostomy, HC head circumference, Hd hydraulic diameter, IVH intraventricular hemorrhage, JG jugular bulb, ml/min milliliters per minute, mm millimeters, SAS subarachnoid space thickness, SD standard deviation, SDH subdural hematoma, SSS superior sagittal sinus, SS sigmoid sinus, TCBF total cerebral blood flow, TECSF transependymal CSF flow, TS transverse sinus, VPS ventriculoperitoneal shunt, VSI ventricular size index
  3. a2 SD above mean, b3 SD above mean